The British Tenth Foot was raised
by John, Earl of Bath, in 1685 under a royal warrant issued by King James
II. Their early uniform was a blue coat lined with red, with red
waistcoat, breeches and stockings. Shortly after 1688 the regiment
adopted red for the color of their coats. The regiment was stationed
in Ireland during the Seven Years War, but with steady growth of the desire
for independence in America, they were sent to Boston in 1768.
In April of 1775 General Gage
sent a force under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Smith of the
Tenth Regiment to Concord to destroy military supplies being stored there
by the Americans.
The Light Company of the Tenth,
shown in our illustration wearing the leather cap, formed part of this
force and took part in the actions at Lexington and Concord, as well as
in the retreat to Boston. Their next action was at Bunker Hill where
their flank companies lost seven killed and forty-six wounded including
all of the officers.
The Tenth next saw action at Long
Island and at White Plains. They occupied Rhode Island in December
of 1776 under Clinton. In 1777 they served in Howe's army at Brandywine
and helped to occupy Philadelphia. They were engaged at Monmouth
in the withdrawal across New Jersey. Because the regiment had been
greatly reduced in numbers it was sent home to England in October of 1778,
thus ending its service in the American Revolution. The drummer in
his yellow coat faced with red clearly shows the practice of dressing the
drummers and musicians in reversed-colored clothing.
The 42nd Foot was raised in 1739
from the existing independent Companies and called the Highland Regiment
of Foot. The regiment served in America during the French and Indian
War and was conspicuous for their bravery in the attack on the French abattis
at Fort Ticonderoga. By warrant of July 22, 1758 they were given
the title "The Royal Highland Regiment of Foot". The 42nd saw action
at Long Island, White Plains, Brandywine, Paoli, Monmouth, and later in
Virginia. The dress shown in our plate of the highlander in his kilt
represents the dress of the Black Watch, or 42nd, in the early years of
the war. However, as the war progressed and supplies became harder
to get the 42nd adopted the dress of the light troops but still retained
[REFERENCES: Historical Record
of the Tenth, or the North Lincolnshire Regiment of Foot, Richard Cannon.
1847. A History of the Uniforms of the British Army.
Vol. H. H. C. C. P. Lawson.]