There were many military units
raised from those Americans who had remained loyal to the British Crown.
These included battalions of foot and of rangers, as well as mounted troops.
many of these men were used to strengthen the British garrison of New York
City and the surrounding area, but large numbers of these men saw active
service throughout the thirteen colonies. Frequently, these
units were raised by the wealthy loyalist landowners from their neighbors
and tenants. One example of such a person was Oliver De Lancey, who
raised a brigade of three battalions from New York City, Kings County,
Queens County, and Westchester County. Beverly Robinson organized
the Loyal American Regiment from Dutchess County, New York, and Cortland
Skinner raised a brigade of six battalions from New Jersey. Well-known
former soldiers were also commissioned to raise battalions. Robert
Rogers, for example, was assigned to recruit the Queen's rangers.
The figures shown in red in our
illustration represent De Lancey's brigade. Their facings were of
dark blue and had no lace. The white metal buttons were arranged
to indicate the number of the Battalion. (The first had buttons evenly
spaced, the second had buttons arranged in pairs, and the third had buttons
grouped in threes.) The men normally wore the white breeches or overalls,
but for winter dress were issued brown overalls and leather caps as shown.
The second battalion served under Lieutenant-Colonel John Harris Cruger
in his successful defense of Forth Ninety-Six during May and June of 1781.
Sir John Johnson also raised a
unit known at first as the New York Regiment and its early green uniform
is depicted here. In 1778, the unit received the title of "The King's
Royal Regiment of New York" and adopted the dress of red coats faced with
blue prescribed for Royal Regiments.
[REFERENCES: The War of the
Revolution. Christopher Ward. A History of the Uniforms of
the British Army. Vol. III. H. C. C. P. Lawson. Uniforms
of the American, British, French and German Armies. . . Charles