[Ealge with Flag]

The Province of Connecticut had a large and well-organized militia in the period immediately preceding the American Revolution.  These troops consisted of both foot and horse and were normally clad in red coats.  When the news of Lexington and Concord was received several thousand of these men marched at once to Boston.  Colonel Israel Putnam was one of their leaders to first join the forces besieging the British.  Connecticut agreed to raise a force of 6,000 men for service and appointed David Wooster as Major-General to command them.  Putnam and Joseph Spencer were appointed to be Brigadier-Generals.  Brown was the color adopted by Connecticut as their service dress.  Regimental distinctions were made by varying the color of the collar and cuffs of the coats.

We have two examples of this dress in our illustration.  The foot figure represents a corporal in Captain Nathaniel Bishop's Company and is based upon a description by the captain written in 1777.  The rank of corporal was shown by the green cloth on the right shoulder.  The mounted figure represents a private of Captain James Green's Troops of the second Light Horse based on a notice in the "Connecticut Gazette" for October 24, 1777. 

[REFERENCES: Uniforms of the American, British, French, and German Armies . . .  Charles M. Lefferts.  The War of the Revolution.  Christopher L. Ward.]

Privates of the
Second and Fourth Regiment

Second and Fourth Connecticut Regiment
[SOURCE: The American Revolution, 1775-1783. Paintings by Jean Leffel,  based upon illustrations of H. A. Ogden and Lt. Charles M. Lefferts.  Photolithos printed Zurich, Switzerland.  Historical descriptions by Harry W. Barker, Jr. ]

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