The Province of Connecticut had
a large and well-organized militia in the period immediately preceding
the American Revolution. These troops consisted of both foot and
horse and were normally clad in red coats. When the news of Lexington
and Concord was received several thousand of these men marched at once
to Boston. Colonel Israel Putnam was one of their leaders to first
join the forces besieging the British. Connecticut agreed to raise
a force of 6,000 men for service and appointed David Wooster as Major-General
to command them. Putnam and Joseph Spencer were appointed to be Brigadier-Generals.
Brown was the color adopted by Connecticut as their service dress.
Regimental distinctions were made by varying the color of the collar and
cuffs of the coats.
We have two examples of this dress
in our illustration. The foot figure represents a corporal in Captain
Nathaniel Bishop's Company and is based upon a description by the captain
written in 1777. The rank of corporal was shown by the green cloth
on the right shoulder. The mounted figure represents a private of
Captain James Green's Troops of the second Light Horse based on a notice
in the "Connecticut Gazette" for October 24, 1777.
[REFERENCES: Uniforms of the
American, British, French, and German Armies . . . Charles M.
Lefferts. The War of the Revolution. Christopher L.