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UNIFORMS OF
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

This infantry Regiment was one of the fifteen sent from HesseCassel. It was present at the Battle of Long Island, Fort Washington and Yorktown.

A fusileer regiment at that period did not differ in any way from a musketeer regiment except in their headdress or caps. Their duties were the same.

While the musketeers wore a cocked felt hat, the fusileers wore caps of cloth the color of the regimental facing, bound with thin metal, white or yellow, embossed with designs of trophies and grenades. These caps were cone shaped and about eight inches high and stood off from the front plate (as shown in the drawing) which was of metal also embossed with design of crown, Hessian lion, and at base trophies and the monogram of the reigning Count of Landgrave, in this case that of Frederick II (F. L.). This front plate was ten inches high 'and backed with buff leather.

All these Hesse-Cassel caps were of the same design, some of white and others of yellow metal.

Those of the grenadier companies were of the same height and design with pompon of worsted the color of the regimental facings at the top.

The Erb-Prinz regiment had silver or white metal caps (as shown in the drawing), blue coats faced with crimson, white waistcoats and breeches, black cloth gaiters to knee, and square toed shoes with brass buckles.

Their arms while in America were the English musket and bayonet, and the Hessian side-arm or cutlass.

Fusileer Regiment
Erb Prinz of Hesse-Cassel, 1776

Fusileer Regiment Erb Prinz of Hesse-Cassel, 1776

[SOURCE: Uniforms of the Armies in the War of the American Revolution, 1775-1783. Lt. Charles M. Lefferts. Limited Edition of 500. New York York Historical Society. New York, NY. 1926.]


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