U.S. ARMY RANK INSIGNIA
The Later Revolutionary War Era
In June 1780, Gen. Washington issued orders on uniforms
and insignia from his New Jersey headquarters. The Army expected to join
forces with French troops soon and Washington wanted the Americans to give
the appearance of the fine soldiers they were. All, except generals, were
to wear the uniform of their regiment or corps. "All officers as will
warrant as commissioned, to wear a cockade and side arms, either a sword
or a genteel bayonet." Noncoms continued to wear their green and red
epaulettes. Subalterns, an epaulette on the left shoulder. Captains, an
epaulette on the right shoulder.
* Subalterns were the most junior commissioned officers; Ensign, Second Lieutenant, and Coronet
Field grade officers were to wear two epaulettes. The
aides-de-camp would wear their rank insignia on the uniform of their general,
if they didn't belong to a corps. Aides of Brigadier and Major Generals
were to wear a green hat feather. Those of the Commander-in-Chief, a white
and green feather.
Generals were to wear "...blue coats with buff facings
and linings, yellow buttons, white or buff underclothes..."
©1996 RWD Ploessl
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